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Savoy cabbage (savoy) (Brassica oleracea convar. capitata var. sabauda L.)

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Cabbage (Brassica)
    → Cabbage family (Brassicaceae or Cruciferae)


Savoy cabbage (savoy)

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Southernwood, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sage, Celery, Tomatoes
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Early start: from end of February to April (Start growing under glass or in a cold frame)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from end of March to beginning of May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: If started early: 4 weeks after early start, if bought: from beginning of March to April
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 50.0 cm x 50.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 40 – 60 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: If started early: from 9 weeks after early start to 22 weeks after early start, if sown: from 9 weeks after seeding to 22 weeks after seeding, if planted: from 7 weeks after planting to 24 weeks after planting. Not before mid May and not after mid July (Early varieties), If started early: from 10 weeks after early start to 26 weeks after early start, if sown: from 10 weeks after seeding to 26 weeks after seeding, if planted: from 8 weeks after planting to 24 weeks after planting. Not before mid May and not after mid August (Second early varieties), year 1: If started early: from 26 weeks after early start to 40 weeks after early start, if sown: from 26 weeks after seeding to 40 weeks after seeding. Not before October and not after beginning of May (Late varieties (autumn and winter savoy, eternal savoy))
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Artichokes, Aubergines, Black salsify, Bush beans, Carrots, Celery, Chard, Endives, Paprika, Peas, Rhubarb, Salad, Spinach, Tomatoes, Turnips
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Garlic, Kale, Onions, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Spring onions, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Savoy cabbage can be harvested even if it has not got a firm head.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 2.6 kg a year.
Require a lot of nutrients
garten feinde

 

Savoy cabbage has crinkly, wavy leaves.
It grows a little quicker than other types of cabbage.
There are different varieties of savoy for all of the times of year: Early savoy, summer and autumn or eternal savoy cabbage.

 

They need a sunny to partially shaded location with loose, chalky garden soil which is rich in nutrients.

 

Propagate by seeds.
Only moderately harvest individual savoy cabbage plants and leave them in the bed after the harvest and allow them to flower.
Immediately after flowering the seeds will develop which, when ripe, can be cut off and stored.

 

Artichokes, Aubergines, Black salsify, Bush beans, Carrots, Celery, Chard, Endives, Paprika, Peas, Rhubarb, Salad, Spinach, Tomatoes, Turnips

 

Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Garlic, Kale, Onions, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Spring onions, White cabbage

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

(not specified)

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:

 

Late, winter-hardy varieties can be left out in the open through the winter.

 

  • Water regularly. The soil must be well drained.
  • Regularly fertilise (compost, horn shavings, horse manure).
  • Loosen up the bed at regular intervals.
  • Mulch the soil.
  • Earth up the soil a little.
Tip:
Use coffee grounds as a fertilizer and at the same time as a natural defence against snails.

 

Diseases: Fungal spores, clubroot
Control: Destroy affected plants, don't compost them.
Preventative measures:

  • Rotate crops correctly: For 7 years, do not grow any plants from the cabbage family in the same bed.
  • Grow cabbage varieties which are resistant to fungus.
Cabbage has an enormous number of natural enemies.
Pests: Birds, aphids, flea beetles, snails, cabbage white butterfly caterpillars
Preventative measures:
  • Snail fence
  • Mix dry coffee grounds with some garden soil and spread it on the bed.
  • Use netting for vegetable plants
  • Regularly mulch the soil and remove weeds.

 

Savoy cabbage can be harvested even if it hasn't yet got a firm head .
The time to harvest depends upon the variety and on the variety of cabbage.

  • Spring and early summer varieties can be harvested from early summer (in central Europe that means June).
  • Late, winter-hardy varieties can be harvested from the field through the whole winter.
Tip:
  • You can extend the time that savoy cabbage can be harvested by cutting off the outer leaves.
  • If the centre, the so-called heart, of the cabbage is not damaged then new leaves will grow from it. Cabbage can be harvested several times in sequence.
  • Do not harvest if there is a frost.

 

Fresh savoy cabbage will keep for about 1 week in your fridge's vegetable cooler.
Late, winter-hardy varieties can remain in the field and be harvested as required.

 

Early savoy cabbage can be used for salads.
However, the leaves should first be briefly blanched in boiling water as raw savoy is not very digestible.
Autumn and winter savoy are particularly suitable for stews and stuffed cabbage.
Autumn or eternal savoy tastes more strongly of cabbage than early savoy.

 

One person consumes an average of 2.6 kg a year.
Der Pro Kopf Wirsingkohl, Kohlrabi und Chinakohl Verbrauch liegt bei etwa 2,6 Kilo jährlich. Quellen: BLE; BMELV; DESTATIS; LfL Stand: 14.03.2013.



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