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Celery (Apium)

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Umbellifers


Celery

Underplant

Cabbage, Nasturtium
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Early start: from February to March
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from April to beginning of May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: If started early: 8 weeks after early start, if bought: from April to July
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 40.0 cm x 30.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: If sown: 20 weeks after seeding, if planted: from September to November (Celeriac (German celery, root celery)), If sown: 12 weeks after seeding, if planted: from July to October (Blanched celery (ribbed celery)), If sown: 4 weeks after seeding, if planted: from May to October. Not before May and not after October (Chinese celery)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, shade
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Broad beans, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Bush beans, Cauliflower, Kale, Leeks, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Runner beans, Savoy cabbage, Tomatoes, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Artichokes, Parsley, Parsnips, Potatoes
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Protect the stems of blanched celery from too much sun.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 1 kg a year.
Require a lot of nutrients
garten feinde

 

The vegetable, celery is an annual to perennial herbaceous plant. It will grow to a height of 30 to 100 cm. In its second year, the root turns woody.

    There are three cultivars of celery (Apium graveolens):
  • Celeriac is a bulbous root vegetable.
  • Blanched celery has thicker stems, which blanch if wrapped with straw or corrugated paper or if you earth up the soil.
  • Chinese celery only grows a thin root but aromatic and spicy leaves.
Ordinary celery and Chinese celery need less space than celeriac so they can be grown in small buckets or boxes on a balcony.

 

They need a sunny to partially shaded location with good garden soil.

 

Celery can be propagated generatively from seed and vegetatively from the rooted rhizome.
At the end of the growing season, new rhizomes can be produced from the existing one.

 

Broad beans, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Bush beans, Cauliflower, Kale, Leeks, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Runner beans, Savoy cabbage, Tomatoes, White cabbage

 

Artichokes, Parsley, Parsnips, Potatoes

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Beetroot, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohlrabi, Leeks, Sweet corn

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
3 – 4 year(s) Celery
3 year(s) Annual herbs, Carrots, Fennel, Lovage, Parsley, Parsnips, Perennial umbellifer herbs
2 year(s) Radish

 

Celery is not frost-hardy, so it must be stored in sand during the winter, to obtain seeds.

 

When they start to grow, water sparingly, to make the young plants stronger and more resistant.
Plant out in the open when the plants are about 5 to 10 cm.

  • Before planting, mix in some compost, if no manure was applied in the autumn months (ideally, horse manure).
  • Cover with a fleece to protect the young plants from cool temperatures (below 10°C).
    At cool temperatures, the plants tend to run to seed.
  • Water regularly and plentifully
  • Expose the top part of the root as soon as the celeriac bulb has reached the size of a walnut. Drying the top of the root promotes its development.
  • Protect the stalks of blanched celery from too much sun
    by planting the self-blanching varieties close together
    or
    put young non self-blanching plants into 25 cm deep furrows which you then fill up with soil as the plants grow.

 

Pests: Voles.
Diseases: Fungal diseases: Celery fly, celery root rot, leaf spot
Control: Immediately remove the affected parts of the plant and destroy them.
Preventative measures:

  • Put the plants into the bed as late as possible.
  • Plant cabbage between the celery plants.

 

Harvest before the frost starts. Negative temperatures damage the roots. Do not wash the roots and do not expose to direct sunshine.

 

Ideally, put the unwashed roots into boxes of moist sand and stack in shelves in your cellar or garage, as long as they are dark, cool but frost-free (ideally 3 to 5°C ) and humid.

 

Celeriac is a standard constituent of vegetable broths.
Fried slices of raw celeriac are also delicious or when coated with breadcrumbs or nuts.
Blanched celery has a somewhat milder and fresher aroma than celeriac does and can just as well be eaten raw as cooked.
Raw celery goes well with apples, nuts, carrots and cauliflower.
The classic dish from the salad kitchen: In the original recipe, Waldorf salad consisted of blanched celery.

 

One person consumes an average of 1 kg a year.
Der Pro Kopf Sellerie Verbrauch liegt bei etwa 1 Kilo jährlich. Quellen: BLE; BMELV; DESTATIS; LfL Stand: 14.03.2013.



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