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Black salsify (Spanish salsify, black oyster plant, serpent root, viper's herb, viper's grass, scorzonera) (Scorzonera hispanica L.)

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Aster family (Compositae)


Black salsify (Spanish salsify, black oyster plant, serpent root, viper's herb, viper's grass, scorzonera)

Underplant

Celery
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from March to April
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: mid May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 30.0 cm x 5.00 – 7.00 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 30 – 50 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: If sown: 28 weeks after seeding, if planted: from October to December
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Broad beans, Brussels sprouts, Kale, Leeks, Pointed cabbage, Radish, Radish, Red cabbage, Salad, Savoy cabbage, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> It is winter-hardy. It is a biennial plant but is cultivated as an annual.
Require an average level of nutrients
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Black salsify is a biennial plant but is cultivated as an annual. (see Wikipedia)
This root grows to a length of 30 to 40 cm and reaches a diameter of 2 to 3 cm.

 

It prefers a sunny spot with loose, ideally light, sandy soil.

 

Propagate using seeds. Before sowing, soak the seeds for about 2 – 3 hours in lukewarm water.

 

Broad beans, Brussels sprouts, Kale, Leeks, Pointed cabbage, Radish, Radish, Red cabbage, Salad, Savoy cabbage, White cabbage

 

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

(not specified)

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
4 year(s) Black salsify

 

Black salsify is frost-hardy but in very cold winter months you should cover it with straw to protect it a little from the frost and from voles.

 

  • Water regularly during the growth period and fertilise now and then
  • Regularly loosen the soil
  • Always remove flowers at once as much as possible

 

Diseases: Downy mildew (occurs most frequently: white rust)
Preventative measures: Grow varieties which are resistant to mildew.

 

The time to harvest begins when the leaves wilt, mostly in late autumn, but that does depend on when it was sowed.
Dig out carefully, without damaging the roots and to prevent loss of the latex.
Tip:
As black salsify is winter-hardy, you can harvest in autumn or winter as needed.

 

If stored in moist sand, the roots will keep until spring.

 

Black salsify can be added to soups or boiled as a side dish and its leaves can be used for salads.

 



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