Beetroot (red beet) (Beta vulgaris subsp. rapacea var. conditiva)


Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae)

Beetroot (red beet)


glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from April to June
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 30.0 cm x 5.00 – 10.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 20 – 30 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: 12 weeks after seeding
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, shade
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Broad beans, Bush beans, Kohlrabi, Muskmelons, Onions, Parsnips, Runner beans, Spring onions, Watermelons
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Aubergines, Chard, Potatoes, Spinach, Tomatoes
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> The best time to plant is early summer (in central Europe that means June). Sow close together and harvest small vegetables (baby beets) continuously.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 9 kg a year.
Require an average level of nutrients
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Beetroot is a biennial herbaceous plant.
There are red and colourless ("silver beets") through to light yellow ("golden beets") varieties.
In the first year the root and a rosette of leaves grow.
In the second year, a stalk will grow up to 1.5 m with a flower head.


Sunny to partial shade. Ideally the soil should be well drained with a small amount of humus.


Beetroot is propagated by seeds.


Broad beans, Bush beans, Kohlrabi, Muskmelons, Onions, Parsnips, Runner beans, Spring onions, Watermelons


Aubergines, Chard, Potatoes, Spinach, Tomatoes


Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Broad beans, Broad beans, Bush beans, Celery, Leeks, Runner beans, Sweet corn


The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
3 – 4 year(s) Beetroot


The young plants are sensitive to frost.
If young beetroot plants are exposed to frost they develop a tendency to run to seed.
This is why you should protect the young plants from frost or first sow in the spring and, if there's a late frost, cover with a fleece or with straw.


Beetroot is not very demanding.

  • Before sowing, soak the seeds for a few hours in rain water
  • Water sufficiently
  • The small beetroot, so-called "baby beets" variety are particularly tender and do not need a lot of space.
  • Sow closer together and harvest the baby beets continuously.
  • To be able to harvest beetroot in autumn, you should first plant from early summer.


Beetroot is robust.
Pests: Voles.


You can first harvest them after about 5 to 6 weeks.
Lift the plants a bit in the morning and in the evening then pull them completely out of the ground.
Harvest before the first frost at the latest.


Beetroot can be stored for a few weeks in a cool cellar with no problems.


Boil beetroot, peel it, then grate. Mix with a grated, sour apple.
Spice with salt, pepper, lemon, oil and honey.
Before touching this very strongly coloured vegetable, rub a good amount of cooking oil into your hands.


One person consumes an average of 9 kg a year.
Der Pro Kopf Karotten und Rote Rüben Verbrauch liegt bei etwa 9 Kilo jährlich. Quellen: BLE; BMELV; DESTATIS; LfL Stand: 14.03.2013.

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