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Broad beans (fava beans, faba beans, field beans, bell beans, tic beans) (Vicia faba)

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Broad beans (fava beans, faba beans, field beans, bell beans, tic beans)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from end of February to end of May (Where winters are particularly mild (e.g. in England) broad beans are sown in autumn as a winter crop.)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 50.0 cm x 10.0 – 15.00 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 50 – 150 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: If sown: 9 weeks after seeding, if planted: from June to August. Not before June and not after August
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, sheltered habitat
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Asparagus, Beetroot, Black salsify, Celery, Chinese cabbage, Courgette, Kohlrabi, Muskmelons, Potatoes, Radish, Radish, Rhubarb, Salad, Spinach, Tomatoes, Turnips, Watermelons, Winter purslane
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Bush beans, Fennel, Garlic, Leeks, Onions, Peas, Spring onions, Strawberries
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Warning: Its pollen is poisonous. Wearing a mask is important.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 700 g a year.
Require an average level of nutrients
garten feinde

 

Broad beans are annuals which grow to a height of 0.3 to 2 metres.
They are both used as animal feed as well as being eaten by humans and are also grown as "green manure".

 

They need a sunny location with heavy, loamy soil.

 

Broad beans are propagated generatively via seeds.

 

Asparagus, Beetroot, Black salsify, Celery, Chinese cabbage, Courgette, Kohlrabi, Muskmelons, Potatoes, Radish, Radish, Rhubarb, Salad, Spinach, Tomatoes, Turnips, Watermelons, Winter purslane

 

Bush beans, Fennel, Garlic, Leeks, Onions, Peas, Spring onions, Strawberries

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Asparagus, Beetroot, Chard, Leeks, Potatoes, Spinach, Strawberries, Sweet corn

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
2 – 3 year(s) Broad beans, Bush beans, Runner beans

 

Where winters are particularly mild, cover the broad beans e.g. with 10 cm of soil and a fleece.

 

  • Do not use any manure just before sowing
  • Water regularly, avoid standing water (they need a lot of water).
  • Mulch to keep the soil moist.
  • Earth up the soil.
  • Its pollen is poisonous. Wearing a mask is important.

 



Pests: Aphids
Control: Natural enemies: Introduce ladybirds and green lacewing larvae.
Brush down the plants / spray with a solution of water, soft soap and rectified spirit or of milk and water.

Diseases: Chocolate spot disease (small brown spots about 5 mm large on the leaves, discoloured stripes on the stalks), fungal infections (most frequently broad bean rust)
Control:
Use fungicides permitted for private use such as can be found in the database of the German Federal Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety.

 

The beans are harvested when ripe, but still slightly soft and milky.

 

Fresh whole broad bean pods will keep in the fridge for 3 to 4 days.
Blanching briefly will make them keep a little longer.
Tip:
Do not keep the beans close to ripe fruit (e.g. apples or pears) or tomatoes.

 

It is best to use them fresh. Uncooked, or (rarely) even cooked broad beans as well as the pollen are poisonous (see Wikipedia)

 

One person consumes an average of 700 g a year.
Not necessarily needed



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