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PlantDetails

Carrots (Daucus carota)

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Umbellifers


Carrots

Underplant

Dill, Rosemary, Sage, Chives, Onions
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from March to end of June
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 25.00 – 35.00 cm x 2.00 – 4.00 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 30 – 40 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: 16 weeks after seeding
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Brussels sprouts, Chard, Chicory, Endives, Garlic, Kale, Leeks, Onions, Peas, Pointed cabbage, Radish, Radish, Red cabbage, Salad, Savoy cabbage, Spring onions, Tomatoes, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Parsley, Parsnips
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> As carrots can also germinate when there's a frost, they can be sown in snow-covered beds or in deep pots.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 9 kg a year.
Require an average level of nutrients
garten feinde

 

Carrots are biennial plants. In the first year they grow a rosette of leaves and a tap root. In the second year a branched, leafy shoot carrying flowers forms.
Depending on the variety, the tap root can be long, half-long, short, cylindrical, shaped like a spinning top or a cone with a pointed or a blunt end and can have various colours: bright red, dark red, orange, white and violet.

 

Protected from wind. Deep, light, sandy, warm soil which is rich in humus.

 

Propagate by sowing seeds.

 

Parsley, Parsnips

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Kale, Leeks, Lentils, Onions, Peas, White cabbage

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
3 – 4 year(s) Black salsify, Carrots
3 year(s) Annual herbs, Celery, Fennel, Lovage, Parsley, Parsnips, Perennial umbellifer herbs
2 year(s) Radish

 

In winter, lightly cover the carrots with a fleece, spruce brushwood or straw.

 

Carrot seeds germinate slowly. In some cases there can be 40 days between sowing and germination.
The following measures can shorten the time needed for germination:

  • Soak the seeds in warm water (6 to 24 hours, depending on the water temperature)
  • Bury the seeds in layers of moist sand for several (4 to 5) days.
  • Cover the seeds with a thin layer of wood ash to protect them from drying out.
  • Use dill to help with germination.
Water young plants sparsely.
In the last months before the harvest it may be necessary to water, to prevent splitting.
Tip:
As carrots will germinate when there is a frost, you can sow them into snow-covered beds or deep pots. The seeds will then be carried with the melting water into the soil.

 

Pests: Carrot flies
Preventative measures:

  • Note the benefits of crop rotation (6 years).
  • Suitable for companion planting with summer savory, dill, garlic, cress.
  • Use seed tape.

 

If possible, harvest after a few dry sunny days.

 

Remove the green, wrap the unwashed carrots in a moist cloth and keep in the fridge. Kept like this the carrots will stay fresh for seven to ten days.
They can be kept for a long time in boxes of moist sand in a storage room with high humidity and a temperature of about 1 to 5°C.
To freeze carrots, peel them, cut into slices, briefly blanch if necessary and then freeze.
Tips:

  • Do not keep carrots next to apples, pears or tomatoes as they can otherwise develop a bitter taste.
  • Carrots do not like plastic as they sweat and then quickly wilt.

 

Carrots can be used in a variety of ways.
They can be eaten raw, simmered slowly or steamed and carrot juice can be drunk.
They are a good side vegetable and go well in soups.
Carrots contain many vitamins, including beta-carotene, provitamin A and minerals such as magnesium and calcium which are good for your skin, eyes, immune system and much more.

 

One person consumes an average of 9 kg a year.
Der Pro Kopf Karotten und Rote Rüben Verbrauch liegt bei etwa 9 Kilo jährlich. Quellen: BLE; BMELV; DESTATIS; LfL Stand: 14.03.2013.



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