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PlantDetails

Strawberries (Fragaria)

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Rose family (Rosaceae)


Strawberries

Underplant

Borage, Garlic, Lily of the valley, Marigolds, Chives, marigold, Onions
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: beginning of February (Cover with sheeting)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: from end of July to mid August
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 35.00 – 40.0 cm x 20.0 – 30.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 10 – 20 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: Year 1: If sown: 16 weeks after seeding, if planted: 1 year(s) after planting, year 2: from June to September
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, partial shade
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Annual herbs, Bush beans, Common purslane, Garlic, Kohlrabi, Lamb's lettuce, Leeks, Onions, Radish, Radish, Salad, Spinach, Spring onions
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Broad beans, Cauliflower, Chinese cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Perennial. Two months in advance, prepare the bed with plenty of compost.
Pine needles improve the yield and flavour and discourage snails.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 3.5 kg a year.
Require an average level of nutrients
garten feinde

 

In harsher areas, give precedence to late flowering varieties such as Bogota and Polka. Varieties:
Hanging strawberries, climbing strawberries, perpetual fruiting strawberries.
perpetual fruiting strawberries have small fruit which they produce for months, do not produce any runners (apart from Sweetheart).

 

Sunny, partial shade, slightly acidic, well drained soil which is rich in humus and sufficiently moist. The soil must be well drained.

 

Propagating strawberries via runners:
The young plants along the runners are either placed over loose soil or over a sheet coated with sand.
Propagating via seeds:
Soak overnight before planting. Strawberry seeds need light to germinate, so do not cover with soil, just press down firmly and keep moist. Cover seed tray with plastic sheeting.

 

Broad beans, Cauliflower, Chinese cabbage

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Lamb's lettuce, Radish

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
4 year(s) Strawberries

 

Cover with foliage or brushwood.

 

Preparation:
Two months in advance prepare the bed with plenty of compost.
Before planting:
Put the strawberries into tepid water or horsetail tea for about an hour.
When planting:
Take care that the heart of the plant remains free of soil.
Add horse manure to a height of about 5 - 10 cm and then cover with soil again.
Tip:

  • You shouldn't hoe or dig around plants in strawberry beds.
  • Pine needles improve the yield and flavour and discourage snails.
  • Mulch with fern, foliage(compost), bark mulch, fir needles, straw and compost.
  • After the harvest, cut off the leaves and shoots but leave the heart of the plant.

 

Strawberry fruit rot
Preventative measures: Lay out a weed control fabric or a mulch layer of straw under the plants bearing fruit.

Disease/Bacteria:
Preventative measures: Use garlic, leek or onions in companion planting.

 

The best harvest is usually in the 2nd year of cultivation. Strawberries which are harvested too early will not ripen any more.

 

In the vegetable compartment in your fridge, strawberries can be kept for two days at most.
Tip:
They will stay fresher longer if they are kept in a sieve in the fridge.

Frozen strawberries will keep for about 8 months.
Tip:
Freeze the strawberries singly on a tray for about 2 hours then put the frozen fruit into a freezer bag in the freezer.
Pureed strawberries are also suitable for freezing.

 

Strawberries are mostly eaten fresh.
They are most often used to make jams as well as toppings for cakes and pies.

 

One person consumes an average of 3.5 kg a year.
Der Erdbeerenverbrauch lag laut der Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung (BLE) für das Jahr 2012 um 3,5 kg pro Kopf/Jahr.



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