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Peas (Pisum sativum)

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Legumes (Faboideae)


Peas
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from March to June
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 20.0 – 40.0 cm x 3.00 cm The spacing within and between rows should not be too far so that the plants can support one another.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 20 – 80 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: 8 weeks after seeding. Not before June and not after August
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, sheltered habitat
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Brussels sprouts, Carrots, Chinese cabbage, Kale, Kohlrabi, Lentils, Muskmelons, Pointed cabbage, Radish, Radish, Red cabbage, Salad, Savoy cabbage, Spinach, Sweet corn, Watermelons, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Aubergines, Broad beans, Bush beans, Leeks, Onions, Potatoes, Runner beans, Spring onions, Tomatoes
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Peas can withstand night frost of down to -5°C. The earlier that peas are sown, the more you will harvest.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 1.2 kg a year.
Require a low level of nutrients
garten feinde

 

There are three type of pea: Green peas, marrowfat peas and mangetout/sugar snaps.

  1. Green peas have a smooth surface and are used above all as dried peas.
  2. Marrowfat peas are mostly tinned or offered frozen.
  3. Mangetout/sugar snaps can be eaten together with their shell.
  4. Peas are climbers and can grow to a height of 2 m. Peas which grow taller than 50 cm need something to climb up.
  5. Peas belong to those plants which enrich the nitrogen level in the soil.

 

Sunny to partial shade.

 

To grow seeds for the next year, you should leave some peapods on the plant until the end of the harvesting period. You can dry the peas yourself and use them as seed.

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Asparagus, Brussels sprouts, Carrots, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohlrabi, Leeks, Sweet corn, White cabbage

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
6 – 8 year(s) Peas

 

 

The earlier that peas are sown, the more you will harvest. They can be sown in spring as they (both the seeds and the young plants) can withstand a night frost of down to -5°C.
The seed is just pressed into the soil which must then be firmed up. As soon as the plants have reached a height of 10 cm, you should heap up a little soil to support them.
In dry years, regular watering is required.
Good drainage is vital as the plants react badly to standing in water.

 

Pests: The pea weevil, the pea aphid and the pea moth, pigeons
Control:
Completely remove the affected parts of the plant or the entire shoot.
Pigeons are very fond of peas. Preventative measures: Protective netting.
Pigeons like to pull the young plants or the peas out of the soil. It thus makes sense to cover them initially with protective netting.

Diseases: Mildew
Preventative measures:

  • Keep the spacing between the rows
  • Do not grow the plants in a location which is too well protected
  • Suitable for companion planting with kohlrabi, salad, chard and radish.

 

Regular harvesting is required. After the harvest, the plants should be cut off just above the soil. The roots can remain in the soil as they contribute to its containing enough nitrogen.

 

Peas can be kept for one or two days.
You can freeze peas.
To do that briefly blanch (about 1.5 minutes) rinse in cold water and then freeze in a freezing bag or a suitable container.

 

Peas are eaten cooked.
Boil or steam and serve with a lump of butter and maybe a little ham.

 

One person consumes an average of 1.2 kg a year.
Der Pro Kopf Verbrauch liegt etwa bei 1,2 Kilo jährlich. Quellen: BLE; BMELV; DESTATIS; LfL Stand: 14.03.2013



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