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Artichokes (Cynara scolymus)

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Aster family (Compositae)


Artichokes

Underplant

Fennel
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Early start: from beginning of February to mid February
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from April to July
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Division: beginning of October
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: If started early: 6 weeks after early start, if bought: end of May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 40.0 – 50.0 cm x 40.0 – 50.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 50 – 200 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: Year 1: If started early: from beginning of September to frost, if sown: ---, year 2: from beginning of June to frost
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, sheltered habitat, but not in full sun.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Brussels sprouts, Kale, Leeks, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Salad, Savoy cabbage, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Celery
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Perennial. Not in full sun.
When the flower heads turn purple and the "leaves" begin to open, the artichoke becomes inedible.
Require a lot of nutrients
garten feinde

 

The artichoke is a variety of a species of thistle and in its first year it normally forms a rosette of leaves and in its second year a flower stalk which can grow up up to a height of 2 m.

 

Sunny and warm, protected from wind. The soil must be rich in humus and sufficiently moist. The soil must be well drained.

 

There are two ways to propagate artichokes

  • Propagation by seed
    Before sowing, soak the seeds for about 2 – 3 hours in lukewarm water.
  • Propagation by division
    no later than after after the third or fourth year. Each of the cuttings must have at least two shoots with leaves and a good system of roots. The top quarter of the leaves should be trimmed.

 

Brussels sprouts, Kale, Leeks, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Salad, Savoy cabbage, White cabbage

 

Celery

 

Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

(not specified)

 

The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
1 year(s) Artichokes

 

In autumn, after harvesting, cut the foliage off and cover the plant with compost, straw, turf or leaves and then cover with soil (approx. 20 to 30 cm).

 

Artichokes should be well mulched, watered regularly and fed. Before the fleshy flower buds form, the plant should be fixed to a stick so that the stalk doesn't break. To harvest large flower heads, only leave 4 to 6 buds and 2 to 3 shoots per plant.
Tip:
Replant after about 3 years or replace with new plants.

 

Pests: Aphids
Control:
Spray with a soapy solution or with a garlic and stinging nettle spray. Tip:
Spraying a film of rapeseed oil will suffocate larvae and aphids.

 

The time to harvest artichokes depends on the exact variety and the location.
A significant harvest is generally possible from the 2nd year of cultivation. The flower heads are harvested. When the flower heads turn purple and the "leaves" begin to open, the artichoke becomes inedible.

 

Artichokes can be kept for a few day in a vegetable cooler. It is best to wrap them in a moist cloth.
Artichokes i.e. the small artichoke hearts which are particularly tender can be frozen or preserved in oil.
Tip:

  • The longer the artichoke's stem, the longer it will keep in the fridge.
  • Preserving vegetables in oil is a good way to keep them and makes them especially aromatic.

 

The edible parts of artichokes are base of the leaves and the part that the leaves are attached to, including the stem of tender examples.
Artichokes can be boiled, fried or preserved.

 

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